عنوان مقاله [English]
Language is the main tool for learning and mastering the outside world. It also acts as the main means of communication between people. In this way, language makes it possible to know other cultures. In recent decades, the cultural perspective has found an important place in language teaching. In addition to language, learning culture is also necessary and has become an important goal in foreign language teaching. This article examines the views of well-known Russian linguists such as Bakhtin, Lotman, Ter-Minasova, Vershagin, Safanova, Varabiev, Furmanova, and others on the importance and role of culture in the process of teaching foreign languages. At present, the purpose of language teaching is not only limited to language and communication skills, but also intercultural competencies. Because international contacts are constantly expanding, language learners are increasingly meeting people from different cultures. The purpose of this article is to reveal the importance of culture in foreign language teaching, to determine the role of foreign language teachers and their professional competencies, and also to determine the role of textbooks in including cultural concepts and topics in the educational process to represent culture. The language teacher must not only teach the learner the ability to understand a foreign language, but also the ability to understand the culture of the language being taught.