تأثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال مدرسان زبان بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی(عادی)

نویسندگان

1 گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده زبانهای خارجی، دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 گروه زبان انگیسی، دانشکده زبان و ادبیات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران

3 گروه زبان انگیسی، دانشگاه امام علی (ع)، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر به بررسی تاثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان زبان انگلیسی بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال می پردازد. به این منظور، پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال در میان ۲۴۰ زبان آموز سطح متوسط در پنج آموزشگاه شهر کرمانشاه در ایران توزیع شد. سپس محققان چهار معلم را براساس هشت اصل ارتقا استقلال نظریه خودسازماندهی آموزش دادند و زبان آموزان شرکت کننده را به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل ۱۲۰ نفره تقسیم کردند. گروه آزمایش طی شش ماه تحت آموزش زبان توسط چهار معلم تعلیم دیده قرار گرفتند‌. پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال مجددا در دو گروه اجرا شد و نتایج آن با پرسشنامه اولیه مقایسه شد‌. نتایج تحلیل آمار نشان داد که رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان گروه آزمایش در پنج حوزه تغییر ایجاد کرده است که همگی اجزای مفهوم استقلال می باشند : مسولیت پذیری بیشتر ، شناخت خود به عنوان یادگیرنده، شناخت بهتر محیط یادگیری، آشنایی بیشتر با مراحل یادگیری، و آغازگری بیشتر در فعالیتهای منجر به یادگیری. کاربرد های آموزشی مورد بحث قرار گرفته اند.مطالعه حاضر به بررسی تاثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان زبان انگلیسی بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال می پردازد. به این منظور، پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال در میان ۲۴۰ زبان آموز سطح متوسط در پنج آموزشگاه شهر کرمانشاه در ایران توزیع شد. سپس محققان چهار معلم را براساس هشت اصل ارتقا استقلال نظریه خودسازماندهی آموزش دادند و زبان آموزان شرکت کننده را به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل ۱۲۰ نفره تقسیم کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

On the Effect of EFL Teachers’ Autonomy-Supportive Behaviors on EFL Learners’ Readiness for Autonomy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marzieh Rezabeigi 1
  • Parviz Maftoon 2
  • Gholamreza Abbasian 3
1 Department of English, Faculty of foreign languages, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch, Iran, Tehran
2 English Department, Faculty of foreign languages, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch, Tehran, Iran
3 English Department, Imam Ali University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to explore the effect of EFL teachers’ autonomy supportive behaviors on Iranian EFL learners’ readiness for autonomy. To this end, readiness for autonomy questionnaire (RFAQ) was administered to 240 intermediate EFL learners at five language institutes in Kermanshah, Iran. Then, the researchers trained four EFL teachers based on eight autonomy supportive strategies of self-determination theory (SDT) and devided the participants to two groups of 120 EFL learners. Afterwards, trained teachers attended their classes using the SDT autonomy-supportive strategies. RFAQ was administered to both experimental and control groups for the second time six months later after the experimental group experienced autonomy supportive behaviors. The data analyses revealed that EFL teachers’ autonomy supportive behaviors resulted in an improvement in the five domains determined in the learners’ questionnaire: learners’ acceptance of more responsibility, knowledge about themselves as learners, better knowledge of learning context, a better command of learning process, and more self-initiated learning activities. Implications are discussed.The present study aimed to explore the effect of EFL teachers’ autonomy supportive behaviors on Iranian EFL learners’ readiness for autonomy. To this end, readiness for autonomy questionnaire (RFAQ) was administered to 240 intermediate EFL learners at five language institutes in Kermanshah, Iran. Then, the researchers trained four EFL teachers based on eight autonomy supportive strategies of self-

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Autonomy
  • Autonomy-supportive behaviors
  • Self determination theory
  • Teacher's role
  • Acceptance of responsibility
  • Meta-cognitive knowledge
  • Self-initiated learning activities
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