بررسی پیشرفت تدریجی در یادگیری دستور زبان انگلیسی میان زبان‌آموزان ایرانی سطح مبتدی با استفاده از بازی های رایانه‌ای مختص یادگیری زبان انگلیسی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه آموزشی زبان، دانشگاه پیام نور، قم، ایران

2 گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه خاتم الانبیا(ص)، تهران، ایران

3 گروه آموزش زبان، دانشگاه پیام نور، واحد شهر ری، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق تاثیر بازی های رایانه ای یادگیری زبان بر فراگیری دستور زبان انگلیسی در میان زبان آموزان ایرانی سطح مبتدی را از طریق پیشرفت تدریجی مورد بررسی قرار داده است. تعداد 40 یادگیرنده مذکر بین 8 تا 12 سال بر اساس نمرات آزمون تعیین سطح، بصورت همگن در یک گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل شرکت کردند. در گروه آزمایشی از بازی های رایانه ای یادگیری زبان برای تدریس حال ساده، حال استمراری، گذشته ساده، و گذشته استمراری استفاده شد و در گروه کنترل از روش های متداول سنتی. داده های تحقیق از یک مجموعه آزمون چهارگزینه ای 40 سوالی در شش نوبت (یک پیش آزمون، چهار پس آزمون، و یک پس آزمون تاخیری) گردآوری شده است. نتایج آزمون های آماری حاکی از عملکرد بهتر گروه آزمایشی در پس آزمون ها نسبت به پیش آزمون بوده و تفاوت آماری معناداری مشاهده گردید. یافته های تحقیق برای اساتید و زبان آموزان، روش شناسان و طراحان برنامه های درسی، زبان شناسان و متخصصین آموزش زبان به کمک رایانه ارزشمند می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A microgenetic development study of learning English grammar through CALL in Iranian EFL beginner learners

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmoud Nabilou 1
  • Rouholla Torki 2
  • Poune Moradi 3
1 Department of English, Payame Noor University, Qom, Iran
2 English department, Khatam-ol-Anbia University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of English, Payam Nour University, Shahre Ray, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study explored the effect of computer language learning games on learning grammar by Iranian English learners in a microgenetic development setting. Forty male elementary English learners aged between 8 and 12, participated in the study. Based on the placement test scores, the homogenized participants were placed in one experimental and one control group. The experimental group received the treatment using computer language learning games to teach English grammar- simple present, present continuous, simple past, and past continuous- while the control group received traditional methods. The research data were obtained from a 40-item multiple choice tests in six times- as a pre-test, four post-tests, and a delayed post-test. The results of t-test revealed better performance of experimental group learners in post-tests than the pre-test. However, a statistically significant difference was found. The findings are valuable for teachers and learners, methodologists and syllabus designers, linguists and CALL experts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Computer Games
  • Elementary EFL Learners
  • English Grammar
  • microgenetic development
  • computer language learning

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