رابطة بین خلاقیت، انگیزه و صحّت و شیوایی گفتار برای فراگیران زبان خارجی: انگلیسی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه انگلیسی، دانشکده زبان ها و ادبیات خارجی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده زبان ها و ادبیات خارجی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش برای مطالعه پیش بینی صحت و شیوایی تولید گفتار دانشحویان زبان خارجی توسط خلاقیت و انگیزش کاربردی/ تلفیقی صورت گرفت. 80 شرکت کننده با زبان مادری فارسی برای پژوهش انتخاب شدند که مشغول یادگیری زبان خارجی انگلیسی سطح متوسط در موسسات آموزش زبان بودند. نخست آنها پرسشنامه 60 سئوالی خلاقیت عابدی را تکمیل کردند. سپس تکلیف گفتاری (کشتی غرق شده) ارائه شد و عملکرد آنها برای نمره گذاری توسط دو ارزیاب صحت گفتار و شیوایی گفتار در مرحله بعد ضبط گردید. درآخر شرکت‌کنندگان به پرسشنامه انگیزش- نگرش گاردنر پاسخ دادند. نتایج حاصل از برازش مدل با داده ها با تکنیک تحلیل مسیر نشان داد خلاقیت و انگیزه کاربردی می‌تواند شیوایی گفتار را پیش‌بینی کند. معناداری ضرایب اثر نشان داد خلاقیت و انگیزه کاربردی می‌تواند صحت گفتار را نیز پیش-بینی کند. همچنین خلاقیت و انگیزه تلفیقی می‌تواند شیوایی گفتار را پیش‌بینی کنند. اما برای صحت گفتار، خلاقیت و انگیزه تلفیقی قدرت پیش‌بینی نداشتند. نتایح این پژوهش پیشنهاداتی را برای شیوه آموزش و نکاتی برای پژوهشهای آتی ارائه داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between creativity, motivation and EFL students' speaking accuracy and fluency

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Nemati 1
  • Mohsen Taraghi Gashti 2
1 English department, faculty of foreign languages and literatures, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 English Language Teaching, faculty of foreign language and literatures, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate whether creativity and instrumental/ integrative motivation can predict EFL students' language accuracy and fluency in speaking task. 80 participants were chosen for the research; they were studying English as a foreign language in intermediate level at language institutes. Their mother tongue was Persian. First, they were asked to complete Abedi's sixty-item questionnaire. Then they were given a speaking (shipwreck) task and their performance was recorded so as to be evaluated in both accuracy and fluency by two examiners later. Finally, they answered the Gardner’s attitude/Motivation test battery (AMTB). The results obtained from the goodness of fit test showed that creativity and instrumental motivation can predict the accuracy of speaking. The significance of effect coefficients showed that creativity and instrumental motivation can predict the fluency of speaking. Furthermore, creativity and integrative motivation can predict the fluency of speaking. But creativity and integrative motivation can not predict the accuracy. The result of this research suggested some recommendations on educational methods and mentioned points for future researches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Creativity
  • instrumental motivation
  • integrative motivation
  • Language proficiency
  • accuracy of speaking
  • fluency of speaking
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