روایی آزمون و عوامل بوجود آورنده واریانس نامربوط به سازه: بررسی نقش رایانه ،جنسیت، سن، زبان مادری، رشته تحصیلی در نتایج تافل آی بی تی iBT

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی(عادی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

2 دانشگاه شریف

چکیده

عوملل متعددی میتوانند در روایی یک آزمون تاثیر داشته باشند. آری ، جیکاب، سورنسون و واکر (2014) از آنها با عنوان عوامل واریانس نامربوط به سازه یاد میکنند. در برخی موارد، رایانه می‌تواند نتایج آزمون‌ها را به حاشیه ببرد و تبدیل به منبع تهدیدی برای روایی آزمون شود. علاوه بر یارانه، جنسیت، سن، زبان مادری و رشته تحصیلی نیز متغیرهایی هستند که میتوانند واریانس نامربوط به سازه تولید کنند. در تحقیق حاضر نمرات آزمون تافل آی بی تی به عنوان متغییر وابسته مورد تحقیق قرار گرفت. بدین منظور، صد نفر به پرسشنامه‌هایی در مورد آشنایی با رایانه و دیدگاهشان نسبت به رایانه پاسخ دادند و نیز در یک تافل آی بی تی شرکت کردند. در مرحله اول، سطح آشنایی با رایانه بررسی شد و در مرحله بعدی دیدگاه شرکت‌کنندگان در مورد رایانه و تأثیر سه متغیر مشخص‌شده (سن، جنسیت و زبان مادری) بر نتایج آزمون موردمطالعه قرار گرفت. نتایج بدست آمده نشان‌دهنده روابط معناداری بین این متغیرها و نمرات آزمون نبود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construct Irrelevant Factors and Test Validity: Investigating the Relationship among Gender, Age, Mother Tongue, Field of Study and TOEFL IBT ® Results

نویسنده [English]

  • Arash Nematzadeh 2
2 Sharif University of Technology
چکیده [English]

Ary, Sorensen, and Walker (2014) refer to these factors as construct irrelevant ones. Computer like other innovations has aspects that should be investigated. In some cases, computer can distort the tests results and be a source of threat for test validity (construct irrelevant variance). Besides computer familiarity, other demographical factors such as gender, age, mother tongue and filed of study can be the sources of construct irrelevant variance. Therefore, the researchers chose to analyze the role of these phenomenon in the assessing procedure. In order to do this, one hundred participants answered computer familiarity and attitude toward computer questionnaires and a computer based TOEFL IBT®. At the first step, the level of computer familiarity was investigated and the next stage was related to probing attitude of the participants toward computer and effect of three specified variables (age, gender, and mother tongue) on the test results. Results did not indicate meaningful relation between these variables and test scores.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Computer
  • Validity
  • Construct
  • Irrelevant
  • Variance
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