نگاهی دیگر به توسعۀ پرسشنامه راهبردهای نگارش: کاربردی از پروتکول تفکر گویا

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه‌ی دو مرحله‌ای‌ با روش ترکیبی اکتشافی این بود تا به ساخت پرسشنامه ای مناسب جهت اندازه گیری راهبردهای نگارش بپردازد. بدین منظور ،ابتدا راهبردهای نگارش به کار گرفته توسط پنج تن از دانشجویان ممتاز کارشناسی ارشد رشته‌ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی از طریق تکنیک تفکر گویا استخراج شدند. سپس، بر آن اساس، پرسشنامه‌ ای 52 سؤالی توسط محققین ساخته و در میان نمونه ا‌ی 100 نفری پایلوت و پویایی آن محاسبه شد (α=0.85) که می توان آن را به عنوان شاهد همبستگی برای روایی سازه‌ی پرسشنامه نیز در نظر گرفت. در مرحله دوم، همان پرسشنامه به نمونه ای 60 نفری از همان دانشجویان ارشد آموزش زبان انگلیسی داده شد. نتایج این مطالعه نشان دهنده‌ی همبستگی مثبت و معنا دار (49.=r) بین نمرات دانشجویان در درس نگارش پیشرفته و راهبردهای بکارگرفته توسط آنان بود. نتایج نشان داد که دانشجویانی که درک بهتری از راهبردهای فراشناختی دارند در نگارش به زبان انگلیسی موفق ترند. بنابراین، فرآیند شناختی مهارت نگارش با بکارگیری راهبرد‌هایی با همان ماهیت تقویت می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Another look at developing writing strategies questionnaire: The use of think-aloud protocol

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ma'ssoumeh Bemani Naeini
  • Zahra Zohoorian
English Department, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

This two-phase, exploratory mixed methods study aimed at first developing a questionnaire, then investigating the relation between writing ability and writing strategy use. To this end, a think-aloud protocol was used to elicit the themes from five high achievers MA TEFL students’ writing strategies. Then, the developed 52-item questionnaire was administered to a sample of 100 Iranian EFL learners to pilot its validity. Next, having gained confidence in its reliability (α=0.85) and construct validity, the questionnaire was distributed among a sample of 60 MA students from the same target population, both male and female, ranging in age from 25 to 30 years old. The results suggested a positive correlation between students' scores in their advanced writing course and their strategies used (r = 0.49). The results revealed that students with a better understanding of metacognitive strategies could obtain better results. Thus, the findings account for the fact that being a cognitive process itself, writing skill can be boosted provided that the strategies of the same nature are reinforced and practiced.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategy questionnaire development
  • Think-aloud protocol
  • Writing achievement
  • Writing strategies
  • TEFL
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