بررسی دلایل ارتکاب سرقت ادبی و راههای پیشگیری از آن در جامعه علمی ایران: دیدگاه سردبیران، اساتید و دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی(عادی)

نویسندگان

1 استادیار،گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه قم، قم

2 استادیار،گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه قم، قم

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به بررسی دلایل ارتکاب انواع سرقت ادبی و راهکارهای پیشگیری از آن از دیدگاه سردبیران مجلات علمی ،اساتید و دانشجویان رشته های مرتبط با زبان انگلیسی در ایران پرداخته است. 12 سردبیر ، ۴۱ استاد و ۱۱۲ دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد و دکتری با پاسخگویی به دو سوال تشریحی و پرسشنامه iThenticate از طریق ایمیل در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. نتایج نشان داد فقدان آموزش اصولی و فرهنگ سازی مناسب از سطوح پایه، رواج فرهنگ تنبلی و تقلب در میان ایرانیان، عدم آگاهی کافی از انواع سرقت ادبی و عواقب ارتکاب آن ، اجبار اساتید و دانشجویان به ارائه مقالات و تکالیف فراتر از محدوده توانایی آنها برای ارتقا،کسب رتبه یا مدرک دانشگاهی بالاتر و سهولت ورود به مقطع ارشد و دکتری از عمده دلایل رواج سرقت ادبی در ایران بودند. فرهنگ سازی صحیح و اصولی از سطوح پایه، وضع قوانین سخت گیرانه و تنبیه جدی خاطیان و آموزش و اطلاع رسانی صحیح از مهمترین راهکارهای پیشنهادی شرکت کنندگان برای مقابله با سرقت ادبی بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Investigation of the Reasons for Committing Plagiarism in the Iranian Academic Community: Editor-in-Chiefs, Professors, and Students' Perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rasoul Mohammad Hosseinpur 1
  • Reza Bagheri Nevisi 2
  • Mohammad Afzali Shahri 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, University of Qom, Qom
2 Assistant Professor,Department of English Language and Literature, University of Qom, Qom, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, University of Qom, Qom
چکیده [English]

This research investigated the views of the editor-in-chiefs, professors, and post-graduate students about the reasons for committing plagiarism in Iran and the ways it can be prevented. Twelve editor-in-chiefs, 41 professors, and 112 post-graduate students of English-related majors took part in the study by answering two essay-type questions and a modified version of iThenticate questionnaire through email. The results indicated that lack of proper training and consciousness-raising from the early stages of education, prevalence of laziness and cheating among Iranian students, pressuring professors and university students to publish papers to gain higher degrees, ranks and promotions, and the ease of admissions to the universities at the post-graduate level were among the main reasons for committing plagiarism in Iran. Appropriate awareness-raising, training and educating students from the very beginning, and laying down strict regulations to seriously punish plagiarizers were among the most important strategies suggested by the participants to avoid and deal with plagiarism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "plagiarism"
  • "iThenticate Questionnaire"
  • "consciousness-raising"
  • "reasons for committing plagiarism"
  • "ways of preventing plagiarism"
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