تأثیر یادگیری معکوس بر توسعه حرفه‌ای نومعلمان زبان انگلیسی : میزان مشغول بودن و نگرش آنها

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 هیات علمی دانشکده زبانها و ادبیات خارجی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

یادگیری معکوس رویکرد نسبتاً جدیدی در تدریس است. در این رویکرد، برای ارتقاء یادگیری فعال و افزایش میزان مشغولیت ، جایگاه سخنرانی معلم در کلاس و تکلیف منزل با هم جابهجا می‌شود؛ بهعبارتدیگر، سخنرانی و تدریس معلم به منزل و تکلیف و فعالیت به کلاس انتقال مییابد. این مطالعه به بررسی تأثیر روش معکوس در آموزش نومعلمان زبان انگلیسی پرداخته است؛ روش معکوس تا چه میزان بر مشغولیت و نگرش نومعلمان در توسعة حرفه‌ای آنها اثرگذار است. به این منظور تعداد 150 معلم زن که زبان انگلیسی تدریس می‌کردند، از مؤسسه‌های مختلف و مدارس غیرانتفاعی شهر تهران به روش هدفمند انتخاب شدند. معلم‌ها به طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرارداده شدند. دورة «مدیریت کلاس» به مدت شش هفته برگزار شد. برای جمعآوری داده از پرسشنامه استفاده شد. نتایج بهدستآمده نشان داد که میزان مشغولیت معلم هادر کلاس معکوس در مقایسه با کلاس سخنرانیمحور یا کلاس سنتی بیشتر بودو نگرش معلم‌ها به مدل توسعة حرفه‌ای معکوس مثبت بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Flipped Professional Development On English Language Teachers’ Engagement and Attitude

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Fazlali 1
  • Sayyed Mohammad Alavi 1
  • Shiva Keivanpanah 2
1 University of Tehran
2 University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Flipped learning is a relatively new approach in teaching. In flipped learning the place of teacher’s lectures and the homework is reversed to enhance active learning and engagement. This study was done to examine the effect of flipped classroom on English language novice teachers’ engagement and to examine their attitude towards flipped classroom. About 150 English female teachers were selected among different institutes and private schools of Tehran. The teachers were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. There were 75 teachers in two flipped classrooms and 75 teachers in two traditional classrooms. They were taught a course of “classroom management” in 6 weeks. Data was collected by a questionnaire which was completed by teachers to examine their perception of their engagements and their attitudes on flipped professional development. Results indicated that teachers in flipped professional development had higher engagement levels than teachers in lecture-based classes. Furthermore teachers had a positive attitude toward this instructional model.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • توسعه حرفه ای معکوس
  • مشغول بودن
  • نگرش
  • نو معلم
  • معلم های زبان انگلیسی

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