بازخورد تصحیحی نوشتاری در مهارت نگارش زبان دوم: آیا شبه بازخورد کافیست؟

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی، دانشگاه امام خمینی

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در تلاش برای بررسی اثربخشی روشی نوین برای رسیدگی به خطاهای گرامری نوشتاری زبان آموزان، مطالعه ی حاضر اثرات بازخورد تصحیحی نوشتاری متمرکز غیرمستقیم و نمونه ی درونداد برجسته شده ی انگیزشی (شبه بازخورد )را بر دقت زبان آموزان در استفاده از حروف تعریف زبان انگلیسی بررسی می کند. با استفاده از سه کلاس دست نخورده در سطح متوسط متشکل از 46 دانش آموز، سه گروه تشکیل داده شد: (1) گروه بازخورد تصحیحی نوشتاری،(2) گروه شبه بازخورد (یک نمونه ی نوشتاری که ساختار مورد نظر آن برجسته شده است)، و (3) گروه کنترل. در حالی که هیچ تفاوتی در اثر بخشی بازخورد تصحیحی نوشتاری و شبه بازخورد پیدا نشد، گروه های آزمایشی در پس آزمون های فوری و تاخیری از گروه کنترل بهتر عمل کردند. نتایج نشان می دهد، با توجه به عملی بودن بالای شبه بازخورد، این روش می تواند جایگزین مناسبی برای بازخورد تصحیحی نوشتاری به منظور تصحیح خطاهای دستوری باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Written Corrective Feedback in Second Language Writing: Does SEMI-Feedback Suffice?

نویسنده [English]

  • Mobin Khanlarzadeh 2
چکیده [English]

In an attempt to investigate other options to address learners' written grammatical errors, the present study compared the effects of indirect focused written corrective feedback (WCF) with sample enhanced motivating input (SEMI) on the accuracy with which EFL learners used English articles in narrative writing. Using three intact intermediate classes totaling 46 students, three groups were formed: (1) a WCF group who received indirect focused WCF along with written metalinguistic information, (2) a SEMI group who received SEMI-feedback (a writing sample the focused structures of which are enhanced) along with written metalinguistic information, and (3) a control group who received no corrective feedback. While no difference in effectiveness was found between WCF and SEMI, the experimental groups outperformed the control group on the immediate and delayed posttests. The results suggest that, given its high practicality, SEMI-feedback can be considered a reliable alternative to focused WCF for addressing students' grammatical errors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Error Correction
  • Grammatical errors
  • Sample enhanced motivating input
  • Writing
  • Written corrective feedback
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