ایدئولوژی زبانی در آموزش زبان: بررسی جایگاه زبان مادری در یادگیری و به‌کارگیری زبان انگلیسی در ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران

3 استادیار گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران،

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی جایگاه زبان فارسی در یادگیری و به‌کارگیریِ زبان انگلیسی در ایران، به روش پیمایشی انجام شده است. جامعة آماری پژوهش را 150 دانشجوی کارشناسی رشتة مترجمی زبان انگلیسی تشکیل می‌دهند که به روش غیراحتمالی انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ای است که محققان طراحی و اعتبارسنجی کرده‌اند. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه را متخصصان فن تأیید کردند و پایایی آن با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 74/0 و قابل‌قبول تشخیص داده شد. روایی سازة پرسشنامه نیز با انجام تحلیل عاملی بررسی شد و 22 گویه پرسشنامه تحت شش عامل بارگذاری شد که در مجموع 66/61 درصد از واریانس کل را به خود اختصاص داد. عامل نخست که باور فراگیران بر تأثیر منفی استفاده از زبان فارسی بر کیفیت و سرعت یادگیری زبان و آموزش مهارت صحبت‌کردن و تلفظ را دربرگرفت در مجموع 311/20 درصد از واریانس کل را تبیین کرد. پس از بررسی اولویت شرکت‌کنندگان در خصوص عامل‌ها و گویه‌های پرسشنامه، در نهایت پیشنهادهایی به منظور انجام پژوهش‌هایی جامع‌تر ارائه شده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Language ideology in ELT: The role of Farsi in learning and using English in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Ghafar-Samar 1
  • Shabnam Mokhtarnia 2
  • Ramin Akbari 3
  • Gholam-Reza Kiani 1
1 Associate Professor of ELT, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, I.R. Iran.
2 Ph.D Candidate of ELT, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University,
3 Assistant Professor of ELT, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, I.R. Iran.
چکیده [English]

Abstract
This survey study was conducted to explore the place of L1 (Farsi) in teaching and using English in Iran. The participants were 150 students of Translation Studies at Islamic Azad University of Karaj. To collect the required data a questionnaire was developed; the content validity of which was established by a panel of experts of ELT. Cronbach's alpha was employed to determine the reliability of the instrument (α= 0.74). In addition, the construct validity of the instrument was established by conducting factor analysis. The 22 items of the questionnaire were loaded under 6 factors which explained 61.66% of the total variance. The first resultant factor was attributed to apparent negative effects of using Farsi in English classes on the quality and quantity of English learning in general and learning speaking and pronunciation in particular which explained 20.311% of the total variance. After investigating the priorities of the participants regarding the items and resultant factors, suggestions for conducting further comprehensive studies were provided.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • English
  • language ideology
  • learning
  • role of Farsi
  • Using
 

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