بهبود لهجۀ انگلیسی زبان‌آموزان با استفاده از پادکست و شیوه بن فرانکلین

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

در مطالعۀ حاضر به بررسی تأثیر یک شیوه آموزش تعاملی تلفظ به نام بن فرانکلین بر لهجه زبان‌آموزان انگلیسی ایرانی (فارسی زبان) پرداخته می‌شود. این روش فراگیران زبان را ملزم می‌سازد تا از (ویژ‌گی‌های آوایی) آنچه می‌شنوند (نسخه‌های صوتی معتبر معرفی‌شده در این مطالعه) یادداشت بردارند و بکوشند آن متن را بر اساس یادداشت‌های خود خوانده و صدایشان را ضبط کنند. سی و چهار (34) زبان‌آموز در سه سطح زبانی از دو کلاسِ کامل در این مطالعه شرکت کردند و [فرایندِ بررسی] چهار ماه به طول انجامید.. برای تعیین تأثیر این شیوه آموزش تلفظ، «پیش و پس از آزمون» اجرا شد. دو معلم زبان انگلیسی بومی و دو معلم زبان انگلیسی غیربومی (ایرانی) صداهای ضبط شده زبان‌آموزان را در مقیاس 9 گونه‌ای «داشتن لهجۀ خارجی» ارزیابی کردند. مصاحبه نیمه-ساختارمندی نیز با هشت زبان‌آموز به انجام رسید تا نگرش آنها را در خصوصِ روش آموزشی جویا شویم. مقایسه نتایج از بهبود در ارزیابی لهجۀ زبان‌آموزان و همچنین وجود رابطه به‌نسبت قوی بین مهارتِ زبان انگلیسی و میزان «لهجه‌داری» زبان‌آموزان حکایت می‌کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reduction of EFL Learners’ Foreign Accentedness Through Podcasts and Ben Franklin Technique

نویسنده [English]

  • Musa Nushi
Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

This study explores the effect of a cooperative instructional technique, named Ben Franklin, on the perception of Iranian EFL learners’ foreign accent. The technique requires learners to take detailed notes on what they are listening to (authentic podcasts in this study) and then go back and try to record themselves based on the notes. Thirty-four (34) learners at three proficiency levels from two intact classes participated in the study which lasted four months. Pre- and post-test measures were obtained to ascertain differences in performance of the learners. Two native speakers of English and two experienced Persian-speaking EFL teachers rated the learners’ performance on a 9-point foreign accentedness scale. A semi-structured interview also elicited eight learners’ attitudes towards the technique. Results showed a statistically significant improvement in the learners’ foreign accent ratings on the post-test. It was also found out that the learners’ accentedness ratings are highly related to their language proficiency.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pronunciation
  • accent
  • English
  • Ben Franklin technique
  • native teachers
  • non-native teachers

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