تاثیر آموزش صریح نگاشت استعاری بر توانایی یادگیری زبان تمثیلی: نقش تسلط(چیرگی)مغزی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی(عادی)

نویسندگان

گروه زبانهای خارجی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

هدف این مطالعه بررسی تاثیر آموزش صریح نگاشت استعاری بر روی یادگیری زبان تمثیلی توسط فراگیران دارای چیرگی نیمکره چپ و راست مغز است. تعداد نود زبان آموز انگلیسی در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. 30 نفر از آن ها در گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند و هیچگونه آموزش نگاشت استعاری دریافت نکردند. 60 نفر دیگر، پرسشنامه چیرگی مغز (دیویس، 1994) را دریافت کردند. بر اساس نتایج، فراگیران به گروه دارای چیرگی نیمکره چپ مغز و گروه دارای چیرگی نیمکره راست مغز تقسیم شدند. پس از اجرای پیش آزمون، آموزش نگاشت استعاری به مدت ده جلسه اجرا شد. سپس، برای سنجش توانایی زبان تمثیلی، از شرکت کنندگان پس‌آزمون به عمل آمد. نتایج آنالیز واریانس نشان داد که تفاوت معنا داری میان فراگیران دارای چیرگی نیم کره چپ و راست مغز در یادگیری زبان تمثلی وجود دارد بدین صورت که فراگیران دارای چیرگی سمت راست کارکرد بهتری از خودشان می‌دهند. یافته های این تحقیق می تواند مورد استفاده مراکز تربیت معلم، مدرسان و طراحان مطالب آموزشی قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explicit Metaphoric Mapping Instruction and Figurative language Ability: The Role of Brain Dominance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Nabi Karimi
  • Parastoo Alizadeh
Department of Foreign Languages, Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate the effect of metaphoric mapping instruction (MMI) on learning figurative language (FL) by left and right-brain dominant learners. Ninety female intermediate EFL learners participated in the study. Thirty served as the control group and received no MMI. The other 60 learners were given the Brain Dominance Questionnaire (Davis, 1994). Based on the results, they were divided into left-brain dominant and right-brain dominant groups who. After administering a pre-test to the participants, the treatment unfolded for the experimental groups in line with Kövecses (2001, cited in Chen, 2016) to provide learners with MMI. The treatment lasted for ten sessions and after the termination of the treatment, the participants were post-tested on FL ability. The results of the Analyses of Variance indicated that MMI was significantly effective in promoting FL ability. Moreover, there was a significant difference between the effect of MMI on left-brain and right-brain dominant learners with the right-brain dominant learners outperforming the left-brain dominant ones.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • figurative language
  • brain-dominance
  • left-brain dominance
  • right-brain dominance
  • Metaphoric mapping
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