راهبردهای استنباط واژگانی تأثیرگذار بر ساخت و درک اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی / دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی قزوین

2 گروه زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قزوین

چکیده

برای بررسی تأثیر چهارنوع استراتژی بر ساخت و درک اصطلاحات انگلیسی. 120 دانش آموز دختر از طریق نمونه برداری خوشه ای انتخاب و به پنج گروه تقسیم شدند. هر گروه تحت یکی از شرایط آموزش قرار گرفت. یک پیش آزمون برگزار شد تا از عدم آشنایی شرکت کنندگان با اصطلاحات هدف اطمینان حاصل شود. سپس، به افراد هریک از چهار گروه آزمایشی یکی از استراتژی های استنباط واژگانی آموزش داده شد و گروه کنترل به شیوه عادی مورد آموزش قرار گرفتند. بعد از 12 جلسه آموزش، یک پس آزمون ساخت و یک پس آزمون درک اصطلاحات بعمل آمد. تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه نشان داد که گروه فرم محور به گونه معنی داری بهتر از گروههای نظارت و کنترل عمل کرد. یافته ها همچنین گویای این بود که گروه نظارت از گروه معنی محور و گروه معنی محور از گروه کنترل بهتر عمل نمودند. تفاوت میان دیگر گروهها به سطح معنی داری نرسید. این یافته می توانند در راستای بهبود وضعیت آموزش زبان کاربرد های نظری و آموزشی داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Lexical Inferencing Strategies Affecting the Comprehension and Production of L2 Idioms

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamide Shirmohammadi 2
2 English Department, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin
چکیده [English]

،o investigate the effect of four different forms of strategy instruction on idioms comprehension and production, 120 female students were selected through convenience sampling and based on availability. The participants were divided into five groups, and each group was randomly assigned to one of the treatment (four experimental and a comparison) conditions. Each of the four experimental groups were taught one of the four lexical inferencing strategies including form-focused, monitoring, evaluating, and meaning-focused strategies, while the students in the comparison group received no such instruction. After 12 sessions of treatment, an idioms comprehension and production posttest was administered to the participants. The obtained data were analyzed using two separate One-way ANOVA procedures. The results showed that the form-focused group performed significantly better than the experimental and comparison groups. The findings suggested that form-focused strategy instruction can be used as an effective instructional tool to help learners enhance their idiom learning. These findings may have theoretical and pedagogical implications for language learning as well as materials development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • lexical inferencing
  • strategies
  • meaning-focused strategies
  • form focused strategies
  • monitoring strategies
  • idioms comprehension
  • idioms production

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