بسط بافت های معنا محور در گفتمان کلاسی زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان خارجه: پژوهشی تجربی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشکده زبان ها و ادبیات خارجه، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر بر آن است تا به صورت تجربی برنامه ای را مبتنی بر چارچوب بسط بافت معنا محور برای آموزش معلمان اجرا نماید و تاثیر آن را بر میانگین مدت زمان بافت معنا محور در کلاس های زبان خارجه ی انگلیسی بررسی کند. بدین منظور، 30 معلم و 300 زبان آموز به طور تصادفی انتخاب شده و به دو گروه آزمایشی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. پس از اطمینان از عدم وجود تفاوت معنادار اولیه بین دو گروه از نظر میانگین مدت زمان بافت معنا محور، برنامه ی آموزشی مورد نظر برای معلمان گروه آزمایشی اجرا شد. سپس، تعاملات کلاسی همه ی معلمان به مدت سه جلسه فیلم برداری شد و میانگین مدت زمان بافت های معنا محور در هر یک از کلاس ها بر مبنای دقیقه محاسبه و بین دو گروه با استفاده از آزمون تی مستقل مقایسه گردید. تحلیل داده های جمع آوری شده نشان داد که چارچوب بسط بافت معنامحور تاثیر معناداری بر مدت زمان این نوع بافت در گفتمان کلاسی زبان زبان خارجه ی انگلیسی داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sustaining Meaning-Oriented Contexts in EFL Classroom Discourse: An Experimental Study

نویسنده [English]

  • Mostafa Pourhaji
Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to examine the effect of running a teacher education program informed by meaning-oriented-context (MOC) sustainability framework on the mean lengths of time on such a context in EFL classes. To this aim, 30 teachers and 300 learners were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. Upon making sure of no significant initial difference in the mean lengths of time on MOCs between the two groups, the teachers in the experimental group received treatment whereas the teachers in the control group received no treatment. Then, each of the teachers in both groups was assigned a specific unit from a textbook to teach over three sessions. Afterwards, the mean lengths of time on MOCs were measured in minute and compared between the two groups using an independent-samples t-test. Analyses of the data showed a significant effect for MOC sustainability framework in the sense that there was a significant difference in the mean lengths of time on the context between the experimental and control groups after the intervention.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • classroom discourse
  • conversation analytic framework
  • meaning-oriented context
  • reflective teaching
  • teacher education
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