تاثیر خودآزمایی مهارت نگارش به روشهای سازنده و پایان محور بر عملکرد نگارش و دقت خودآزمایی زبان آموزان ایرانی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار زبان انگلیسی واحد علوم تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران

2 :کارشناسی ارشد زبان انگلیسی واحد تهران جنوب دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

چکیده

هدف از خودآزمایی به‌صورت سازنده و یا پایان‌محور می‌تواند در میزان دقت نمره‌دهی خودآزمایی زبان‌آموزان تاثیر بگذارد، بنابراین این پژوهش به‌بررسی اینکه آیا خودآزمایی به‌روشهای سازنده و پایان‌محور تاثیرات متفاوتی بر نگارش و میزان دقت نمره‌دهی زبان‌آموزان در خود‌آزمایی میگزارد یا خیر می‌پردازد. بدین منظور، 60 زبان‌آموز سطح میانی به‌دو گروه سازنده و پایان‌محور به‌صورت تصادفی تقسیم شدند، و یک پیش‌آزمون برای سنجش فعلی آن‌ها در نگارش پاراگراف اجرا شد. در گروه سازنده، نمره خودآزمایی زبان‌آموزان از میانگین نمره معیار دو مصحح تفریق می‌شد تا میزان خطا در خودآزمایی مشخص شود. در گروه پایان‌محور شرایط مشابهی وجود داشت اما میزان دقت در انجام خودآزمایی به‌عنوان بخشی از نمرهء پایان دوره در نظر گرفته شد. بعد از اجرای پس‌آزمون ،نتایج بررسی کواریانس نشان داد که زبان‌آموزان هر دو گروه بهبود معنادار و برابری در کیفیت عملکرد نگارش داشتند، اما زبان‌آموزان گروه پایان‌محور افزایش بیشتری در میزان دقت خودآزمایی از‌خود نشان دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Formative and Summative Self-assessment of Writing on the Writing Performance and Self-rating Accuracy of Iranian EFL Learners

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masood Siyyari 1
  • Setare Ghorban Daei 2
چکیده [English]

This study investigated whether formative and summative self-assessments have any differential effect on the writing performance and self-rating accuracy of Iranian EFL learners. In so doing, sixty homogenized intermediate EFL learners were assigned to the two assessment conditions. After the administration of a paragraph writing pretest, the self-rating scale was introduced to the students of both groups. In the formative group, the students practiced self-assessment after each writing assignment during the term. Self-assessment error scores were, then, computed, and the students could see their accuracy extent in their self-assessment during the term. In the summative group, the students’ accuracy of self-assessment during the term was considered in their final term score. To check the students’ improvement in writing and rating accuracy, a posttest self-assessment was administered. ANCOVA results revealed under both conditions, equal improvement occurred in the students’ writing; however, the summative group students improved much more significantly in self-rating accuracy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Formative Assessment
  • Rating Accuracy
  • Self-assessment
  • Summative Assessment
  • Writing
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