نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی(عادی)
1 دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان
2 دکتری آموزش زبان انگلیسی، استاد مدعو گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران
3 استادیارزبانشناسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه دریانوردی چابهار، چابهار، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aimed to explore the pragmatic competence of Iranian Persian- and Persian-Baluchi-speaking learners learning English as their second and third languages, respectively. The realization of refusal strategies with respect to the status of interlocutors (lower, equal & higher) and the types of eliciting acts (requests, invitations, offers, & suggestions) were studied. Moreover, the perception of appropriate refusal speech act sets with regard to the social distance between the participants, their power relationship and the degree of imposition of refusal were explored. 36 Persian-Baluchi-speaking and 33 Persian-speaking learners of English were asked to complete a written Discourse Completion Test (DCT) and a Multiple-Choice Discourse Completion Test (MDCT). Results of the study revealed variations in frequency and shift of semantic formulas employed by Baluch and Persian subjects. Persian-speaking English learners were found to use more indirect formulas and more face-saving strategies per response, while Persian-Baluchi-speaking English learners were found to use more direct types of semantic formulas at different degrees of frequency. Except for 'offer' in which ‘off the hook’ along with ‘direct refusals’ were used more and ‘regret’ was used less, in other situations, 'excuse/explanation', 'regret' and 'direct refusals' were more frequent. However, Baluch subjects did not reveal better pragmatic competence over Persian subjects as the differences between the two groups in recognizing appropriate refusal strategies were found to be insignificant.