عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article reviews the cultural reflection of female and feminine identity in Persian and Russian proverbs. Proverbs, as one of the reserves of spiritual culture, is the oldest style of oral creativity of any nation. The purpose of this study is to select examples of both languages and reflect the cultural categories, gender linguistics, social linguistics, about the identity of women or femininity in general and their analysis among Persian and Russian proverbs. The method used in this research is based on the study of literary texts and the dictionary of proverbs that have been used as research sources and etymology of words and their frequency of use in recent years in the written and spoken language of speakers of two languages. Among the proverbs studied on the subject of female identity, about 2287 proverbs were found. In conclusion, due to the differences in climate and culture of Russian society, we came across their very close similarities in terms of female identity with Iranian examples, but at the same time we saw some differences in each of the two languages, so that although it sometimes refers to ignoring the value of women in both societies, but women still respected as the other half of society.